Do you know more? You can share your personal stories and photos on the ANZAC Centenary website.
Born in Ballarat, Victoria and a plantation manager by occupation, James William Campbell was 39 years and single when enlisted on the 15th of May 1916 in the 3rd Light Horse Regiment, 23rd Reinforcement, Australian Imperial Force, with the rank of Private, Number 3046. His Unit embarked from Adelaide, South Australia, on board HMAT A45 'Bulla' on the 16th of January 1917.War service: Egypt, Western Front Admitted to Clearing Hospital, 18 January 1918; transferred to New Zealand Hospital, Codford, 3 February 1918 (malaria); Admitted to Military Hospital, Fovant, 30 March 1918 (malaria); transferred to 1st Australian Auxiliary Hospital, Harefield, 6 May 1918 (bronchitis, malaria); Admitted to 8th Australian Field Ambulance, 24 October 1918 (scabies); discharged to duty, 26 October 1918. Admitted to Endell Street Military Hospital, 30 January 1919 (influenza: 'seriously ill'); Awarded Military Medal, 14 May 1919. Commenced return to Australia from Liverpool on board HT 'Warwickshire', 5 April 1919; disembarked Adelaide, 24 May 1919; discharged, Adelaide, 3 July 1919.Served for 9 months in the Australian Commonwealth Light Horse; 12 months in the Light Horse, South Africa; 'During the operations from the 29th September/1st October 1918 by this Battalion in the BELLICOURT Sector Private Campbell showed great initiative and gallantry. On the morning of the 29th September he assisted to re-organise the Americans, who appeared leaderless, and then led his section forward in the face of heavy Machine Gun fire. On the morning of the 1st October immediately after the capture of JONCOURT he mounted the Church Tower and observed and reported the movements of the enemy; under heavy shell and machine gun fire. During the whole three days he set a very fine example of courage and devotion to duty to all his comrades.' Source: 'Commonwealth Gazette' No. 109 Date: 15 September 1919. Tree No. 1388