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Born in Melbourne, Victoria and a Bricklayer by occupation, John Oswald Clough was 27 years and single when enlisted on the 17th of August 1914 in the Field Artillery Brigade 3, Battery 8, Australian Imperial Force, with the rank of Gunner, Number 1784, and was listed as returned to Australia on the 19th of October 1918. His Unit embarked from Fremantle, Western Australia, on board Transport A7 'Medic' on the 2nd of November 1914. Promoted Bombardier on the 15th of August 1915 in the OC 3rd Field Artillery brigade and promoted Corporal in the 9th of October 1915; Promoted temporary Sergeant in the 8th Battalion on the 6th of November 1915; promoted Sergeant on the 22nd of December 1915; on the 18th of March 1916; promoted Temporary Battalion Quarter Master Sergeant; on the 15th of September 1916 promoted Temporary Battalion Sergeant Major; on the 3rd of March 1917 promoted to Commissioned rank. On the 5th of May 1917 wounded in action, France. On the 21st of June 1917 admitted to the 1st Stationary General Hospital – bullet shot wounds multiple. On the 14th of January 1918 having qualified for commission in Artillery is appointed 2nd/ lieutenant in A.I.F. and posted to A.F.A. Reinforcements. Admitted to 30th general Hospital gassed on the 31st of March 1918. On the 24th of June 1918 to be Lieutenant, France. Wounded in action 3rd occasion – gunshot wound leg arm – severe on the 17th of August 1918 and invalided to UK. Embarked for return to Australia per æD. 24' on the 19th of October 1918. Recommendations (Medals and Awards) Mention in Despatches Consistent excellent service and example to the men in devotion to duty and general willingness. Awarded, and promulgated, 'London Gazette', second Supplement, No. 29890 (2 January 1917); 'Commonwealth Gazette' No. 103 (29 June 1917). Military Medal (Altered to Distinguished Conduct Medal) Recommendation date: 3 May 1917 Medals Distinguished Conduct Medal 'For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. The battery was heavily shelled, causing several casualties. He, regardless of the shell fire, assisted in attending the wounded and getting them into safety. He has throughout set a splendid example.' Source: 'Commonwealth Gazette' No. 189 Date: 8 November 1917. Tree No. 2598