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Jesse Trimmer Brown was born in Ballarat, but enlisted from Yarraville on the 18th of August 1914. He was 19 years old, single and a clerk. Before enlistment he had served as a Lieutenant in 68th Battalion Senior Cadets. He was accepted into the 7th Infantry Battalion .The 7th Battalion was raised in Victoria and together with the 5th, 6th and 8th Infantry Battalions formed the 2nd Brigade of the 1st Australian Division. The Commanding Officer of the 7th Battalion was Lieutenant Colonel H E. 'Pompey' Elliott . On 19th August Private Brown was promoted Sergeant – a rapid rise entirely based on his previous Cadet history.
On the 8th May the 7th Battalion was ordered to advance against the entrenched Turks late in the afternoon. They advanced over open ground without artillery support. Pressing on under increasingly heavy enemy small arms and artillery, the Australians eventually were forced to a standstill by their losses. The hour long advance had cost the 2nd Brigade 1,000 casualties, or one third of its strength. During that advance Lieutenant Brown was wounded twice. One bullet entered his left foot, another smashed into his right forearm. He was not evacuated until 15th May on Hospital Ship Braemar Castle . He was admitted to the St Andrew's Hospital on Malta on the 17th May and was later moved to All Saints Hospital on Malta. On the 1st July Second Lieutenant Brown was promoted Lieutenant.
The battalion's first major offensive in France began at Pozieres , in the Somme Valley, on 23rd July 1916. The 7th Battalion, as part of the 2nd Brigade, drove the Germans from the village on the second night of the fighting. Lieutenant Henry Jesse Trimmer Brown was killed in action at Pozieres on 25th July 1916. It was not possible to recover his body because of the dreadful artillery attacks being launched by both sides and the fluid nature of the battle. Tree No. 50, an elm, was planted in the Ballarat Avenue of Honour in his name by Miss M. Trevenen, a 'Lucas girl', on 4th June 1917.